Cannabidiol (CBD) has recently gained popularity for its supposed anti-inflammatory, anti-anxiety, pain-relieving, and seizure-suppressing effects. It may be found in health and wellness aisles all over the world — perhaps even at your local Walgreens or CVS — and comes in a variety of forms, including CBD oil, tinctures, edibles, elixirs, and more.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in cannabis that some people believe offers the advantages of relaxation without the intoxication produced by THC.
Some individuals may be concerned whether their usage of CBD oil will show up on a drug test since hemp-derived CBD products are accessible in jurisdictions where recreational marijuana is not permitted. Even if it’s legal to buy THC-heavy cannabis from a shop in your state, some employers still test workers for cannabis use. Because even hemp-derived CBD products are legally allowed to have traces of THC, 0.3 percent or less, some customers may be concerned whether there is a little amount of THC in their CBD oil, and if so, whether it will show up on a drug test.
Hemp-derived CBD products are legal because they contain less than 0.3 percent THC by weight, the minimum threshold for legality under federal law. While some CBD products claim to be THC-free, contamination may have occurred during production. In certain cases, the product’s label may be incomplete.
Continue reading to find out if CBD is detected in a urine test.
What is CBD?
Cannabis sativa is a highly adaptable plant that farmers cultivate for a variety of purposes, including food, such as hemp seed and hemp-based building materials, as well as medicine and recreational uses.
Cannabinoids are the most well-known chemical compounds in cannabis, accounting for anywhere from 70% to 90% of its overall content. There are over 400 chemical components in the cannabis plant, with about 80 of them being biologically active.
Cannabinoids are the most vital biologically active compounds in cannabis. These chemicals are unique to the cannabis plant and may not be found elsewhere in nature.
THC, CBD, cannabigerol (CBG), cannabinol (CBN), and cannabichromene (CBC) are some of the more abundant cannabinoids.
Cannabis contains more than 400 chemicals, of which the major one is THC. It’s intoxicating. CBD does have psychoactive effects, which is why researchers are researching its use in treating mental health issues such as depression and anxiety. However, it lacks the same intoxicating effect that THC possesses.
The Food and Drug Administration FDA state that products that contain more than 0.3% THC are illegal, and the United States Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) list them as a Schedule I drug.
THC binds to receptors in different parts of the brain. These receptors normally attach to the endocannabinoids, which are natural compounds that the human body produces.
The following table lists areas in the brain that THC targets and its effects:
Hippocampusimpairs short-term memory. The neocorteximpairs judgment and feelings, while the basal ganglia alter reaction time and movements. Hypothalamusaugmented appetite Nucleus accumbens induces euphoria Amygdala causes panic and paranoia Cerebellumcauses a sensation of being intoxicated Neocortexdisables pain perception in some patients through damage to the frontal lobe of the brain.
Should you worry about CBD oil showing up on a drug test?
Most drug tests won’t detect CBD oil, which is good news for job applicants. The majority of employment drug screenings look for the presence of THC or THC metabolites, which are cannabinoids. Most businesses follow SAMHSA’s standards, which include the detection of THC but not CBD.
But what if your CBD oil contains small traces of THC? Many top CBD manufacturers have products with no presence of THC. Although hemp-derived CBD products are legally allowed to contain a maximum of 0.3% THC, some prospective consumers may still be reluctant to try CBD that contains even a small amount of THC. Thankfully, there are ways to create hemp-derived CBD products without any hint of the intoxicating cannabis compound.
For instance, producers can isolate CBD compounds after the oil is extracted from the stalks and seeds from hemp plants. This process leads to pure CBD, effectively eliminating any THC and other plant-based constituents from the end product. Once isolated, the CBD can be mixed with liquid oils that contain fatty acids to improve absorption.
But how can you tell how much THC, if any, might reside inside your CBD oil? Can you really trust everything the label on the side of the bottle? The safest bet is to look for well-known CBD products that are independently tested.
“Buy from reputable forms that are third-party tested that have batch numbers, lot numbers, and retained batch samples. If they claim that either that their plants are genetically engineered for no THC or they use methods that purge THC, to make sure that that’s third-party validated,” Morgan said.
There are also different types of drug tests that can be used, all of which present different detection thresholds. For instance, a hair test is made to detect habitual substance use, so it will probably not raise any red flags even if you are consuming CBD oil that has low levels of THC.
Urine and oral drug screenings have a lower threshold for detection, so there is slightly more risk with these tests, according to a December 2018 article published in Vice. While it’s possible that the small amounts of THC that exist within a CBD product could accumulate and show up in a drug test, it’s still highly unlikely.
Under the SAMHSA framework, the cutoff limit for the presence of THC is 50 nanograms per milliliter. Following these guidelines, if an extremely high dose of 2,000 milligrams of CBD oil that contains 0.3% THC was consumed, there’s a slim chance of receiving a “false positive” result on a urine screening
Is there such a thing as a CBD oil drug test?
While it may be uncommon for anyone to screen for the presence of CBD, does a CBD oil drug test even exist? Technically, since CBD is a chemical that your body metabolizes, a specific test can be developed to detect it. But the average drug test will not identify any usage of CBD oil.
To obtain a CBD oil drug test, an employer or entity would have to pay a testing company an additional charge to change their testing regimen to include CBD. When you consider that this non-intoxicating compound won’t get you high or impair your ability at work, there’s really no need for a CBD oil drug test.
If you’re concerned that using CBD-infused products will cause you to fail a drug test, there are certain precautions you can take to ensure that no THC enters your system. Look for producers who create high-quality CBD products that contain zero THC, such as distillate or crystalline products.